Apache Bibliography

By Kevin Reeve (also see  http://www.onpointtactical.com/)

 

In the Order they came off the shelf

 

Apache Indian Baskets, Tanner, 0-8165-0778-3

This is a beautiful coffee table book about the baskets of the Apache. It has great information and is beautifully illustrated - thoug a bit pricey. Very good resource for collectors.

 

An Apache Campaign in Sierra Madre, John G Bourke, 0-8032-6085-7

Bourke was an aid to General Crook and writes an interesting first hand account of Crooks campaign against Geronimo. Since it is a contemporary account, it is valuable - but it also uses the terminology of the day, (savages, etc.)

 

Apache Medicine Men, John G. Bourke, 0-486-27842-5

This is a recent publication of a paper written in a research journal in 1896. It deals with Bourke’s observation of religious practices among the then conquered Apache. It is written in a very condescending manner and contains many insulting remarks. However, since it is a first hand account, it is of value.

 

The Apache Indians, Frank C Lockwood, 0-8032-7925-6

An early secondary account (1938) and one of the first real research books on the Apache. Though somewhat outdated by more recent research, this does have some good material on the Chiricahuas - though mainly from the perspective of the conquerer.

 

The Apaches - Eagles of the Southwest, Donald Worcester, 0-8061-2397-4

One of the best one-volume histories in print. This book covers both Spanish/Mexican and Anglo interaction with the Apache, something few books do. It also deals mainly with the Chiricahua outbreaks, but really covers earlier history as well. It has photos and maps that help make it a great book.

 

Apache, Navaho & Spaniard, Jack Forbes, 0-8061-2686-8

This is on my not yet read pile, but it looks pretty good from just thumbing through. It covers a broader range of interaction between the Spaniards, the Navajo, and the Apache. It also covers more than just the Chiricahua outbreaks for a change.

 

Geronimo & the End of the Apache Wars, Edited by Sonnichsen, 0-8032-9198-1

This is a very short compilation of current writings on the Apache. It covers a range of topics dealing with Geronimo, but my favorite was the first which deals with the change in perception in the public about Geronimo (he was the most hated man alive in 1888). Good book with some very unusual photos.

 

Geronimo Campaign, 0-19-508351-2 I know this was a good book, but I can’t find my copy. It was a firsthand account written by one of the soldiers involved - I believe it was Lt Gatewood.

 

Life Among the Apache, John C Cremony, 0-8032-6312-0

A first hand report by a soldier in the Cochise wars, Cremony gives a very interesting report on warfare against an enemy he came to admire. Really a must-read for those interested in Apache culture - it has many very interesting and sometimes humorous stories of encounters.

 

In the Days of Victorio, Eve Ball, 0-8165-0401-6

This is probably my favorite book on the Apache, perhaps because it is written by them. It is a first hand account narrated by a number of Apache that rode with Victorio and Geronimo. It dispells myths all over the place (such as John Clum’s supposed capture of Geronimo - it never happened according to the Apache present). It gives a great perspective of Victorio - a true Scout - and of his awsome warrior sister Lozen. There are details of raiding and warfare, training, and tactics. An awesome book.

 

Indeh, An Apache Chronicle, Eve Ball, 0-8061-2165-3

This is my second favorite book on the Apache. It has some very good description of Scout raiding, training and tactics - all again from the perspective of the Apache. Indeh is the Apache word meaning the dead - a name the Apache gave themselves after encountering the white man. This book covers not only warfare, but imprisonment and post imprisonment life. Really good look at the differences that comprise the Warm Springs (Chihenne), Chokonen(Chiricahua), Bedonkohe (Geronimo’s clan), and Nednhi clans that are mistakenly all called Chiricahua by ethnologists. Just a can’t miss book.

 

Victorio and the Mimbres Apache, Dan L Thrapp, 0-8061-1645-5

A very thorough version of the Chihenne or Wrm Springs people. These were Victorio’s clan - and this book documents the history of their war on both white and mexican. Victorio was probably the greatest of the Apache chiefs - unlike Coshise and Geronimo - the only one to die in battle - something they admired him for. Very thorough history.

 

Apache Legends, Lou Cuevas, 0-87961-219-3

This little book is a set of personal recollections of Legends Lou recieved from his Apache grandparents. It does not say which clan or subclan they were from, and it is not obvious from reading the stories which they refer to. Not looked upon as a scientific or ethnologocally sound history, it is still a great introduction to story telling as a means of preserving culture.

 

Al Sieber, Chief of Scouts, Dan L Thrapp, 0-8061-2770-8

This is a story that deals with a white man who became head of the Apache scouts used to track down their own people. Sieber is not a particularly likeable character, and his role in history is somewhat unsavory, but Thrapp does an excellent job of telling his story. It does tell a lot about how the whites viewed the Apache "problem" and gives some interesting insights into both Crook and the Apache he fought.

 

Cochise, Edward Sweeny, 0-8061-2606-x

This is the best single volume treatment of the Chokonen or Chiricahua and the Cochise wars out there. It is detailed and well researched. It tells the story well. I liked this book a lot and I like Cochise a great deal - a true warrior - who wanted peace but fought like the devil when forced to. Another great example of not only leadership, but a great warrior too.

 

Cochise, Melissa Schwarz, 0-7910-1694-3

Part of a series titled North American Indians of Distinction that seems mostly geared for Jr High and High school students as a reference book. It covers the subject nicely though from a decidedly white perspective.

 

Geronimo, His Own Story, told to SM Barret, 0-452-01155-8

This is Geronimo’s autobiography - as told to and filtered by a white man through an interpreter that translated Apache into Spanish, which Barret translated into English. You begin to see the problems this volume faces. Add to that the fact that Geronimo dictated this while still concerned that additional charges would be filed and you end up with a historically challenged perspective. Still it is a must-read as it gives you some great insight into the great warrior Geronimo.

 

Geronimo, Angie Debo, 0-8061-1828-8

Each of the great Apache seem to have one book written about them that seems to tower above the rest. This may well be one that will assume that title. Debo does a very good job of covering Geronimo, though some may argue that she is an apologist. A well written and readable history of the great warrior. If I had only one book to read on Geronimo this would be it

 

Geronimo, A Biography, Alaxander Adams, 0-306-80394-1

Another well researched book about Geronimo. Written before Debo’s, it was the standard for many years. Covers all the essentials and does justice to the story. Given a choice between the two, I prefer Debo’s.

 

The Truth About Geronimo, Britton Davis, 0-8032-5840-2

This is written by the soldier who had responsibility for Geronimo at Turkey Creek before his last outbreak. He was a true friend to Geronimo who recognized the unfair treatment the Chiricahua were getting and resigned his commission and became a horse rancher in Mexico. He was admired as a fair man by most Apache - but made the mistake of trusting the traitorous Chatto and notorious Mickey Free as his Scouts and it was their misinformation that led to the breakout.

 

Western Apache Raiding & Warfare, Greenville Goodwin/ Basso, 0-8165-0297-8

Compiled by Keith Basso from the notes of respected ethnologist Greenville Goodwin, this is really the only book of its kind in print. It uses recollections of participants to retell the story of various war parties and raids in part one. Part two deals with specifics of war, raiding, weapons, and tactics. It is a must read in terms of Scout skills.

 

The Apaches, Jason and Richard Hook, 0-85045-738-6

This book is part of a series titled Men-at Arms by Osprey Military and is written for model makers and recreators. The focus is mainly on the arms and costumes though it does cover some history.

 

Civil War in Apacheland, George Hand edited by Carmony, 0-944383-38-x

This is a first hand account of a Seargent (George Hand) and tells of his encounters with the Apache during the Civil War. It is a useful look at life in the Army at not a great time to be in the army.

 

Conquest of Apacheria, Dan Thrapp, 0-8061-1286-7

This is the standard for histories of the Apache. It is written like a college text since that is what it was. A very complete and thorough history, and one I found somewhat tedious. It does give you a very complete understanding of what happened. It is the source book for many of the other books listed here.

 

The Apache, Michael Melody, 0-7910-0352-3

Part of a series titled Indians of North America, this is a short concise history of the Apache that does cover (surprisingly) the history of Apache interaction with the Spanish/Mexicans as well as Anglo encounters. Good pictures and illustrations as well. Surprisingly good little book.

 

Apache, Will Comfort, 0-8032-6319-8

The original copyright on this book is 1931. It was written as a history of the Chihenne or Warm Springs Apache and deals mainly with the great Chief Mangus Colorados and his struggle to unite the Apache. It is very well written and considered one of the best books ever written on the Apache. I liked the style and found it very readable.

 

Views from the Apache Frontier, Jose Cortes, Edited by John, Translated by Wheat,

0-8061-2609-4

This is a stunning translation of an old journal by a member of the Spanish Royal Corps of Engineers written in 1799. It discusses early Spanish attempts at reconciliation after it became clear that subjugation and/or military defeat of the Apache was hopeless. It covers information about his observations of culture and practices and goes into striking detail. Really a must-read - an excellent little find.

 

Women of the Apache Nation, Henrietta Stockel, 0-87417-221-7

This remarkable book is really the first and to my mind only book that focuses on the role of women in Apache culture. Henry Ford once remarked that it was a shame that our histories reflect more about wars than about culture. Since most history is written from the perspective of the victors,this book is even more remarkable because it approaches Apache culture from beyond the role of men as warriors and looks at women as bearers of culture. This is a great book, and we need more like it.

 

Myths and Tales of Chiricahua Apache, Morris Opler, 0-8032-8602-3

Myths and Tales of Jicarilla Apache, Morris Opler, 0-8032-8603-1

Myths and Tales of White Mtn Apache, Greenville Goodwin, 0-8165-1451-8

Here are three volumes written by the two premier ethnologists of the Apache that deal with the uniqueness of each clan’s myths and stories. Since so much of a culture is preserved by the stories it tells, these stories are very significant. They each approach Coyote differently - some as the trickster, some as the teacher.

 

An Apache Life Way, Morris Opler, 0-8032-8610-4

This is kind of the ultimate volume dealing with the life-ways of the Chiricahua. It was originally published in 1941, and deals with the child rearing practices, the religious practices, rites of passage, social structure of adults, folk-ways, and even marriage and sexual practices. Again, written by an ethnologists, this may be one of the best looks at the Chiricahua, but then again, I have heard how the old ones used to jerk the ethnologists around big time. It is considered a standard by researchers, but when I kicked around the Mescelaro res a long time ago, this type of work was laughed at.

 

Apache Reservation, Indeginous People and the American State, Richard Perry,

0-292-76543-6

This is on my to-read pile. The jacket description is an exploration of the Reservation system using the San Carlos reservation as an example

 

People of the Mountain Corridor, Richard Perry, 0-292-76525-8

This is still on my to-read pile, is described as a synthesis of anthropology, ethnology, linguistics, and archeology of the Apachean people.

 

Apache Women Warriors, Kimberly Moore Buchanan, 0-87404-154-6

This short book is a second book on Apache women, but the focus is clearly those who were classififed as warriors. Women warriors were more common that is thought, usually a wife accompanying her husband into battle. There is a couple of chapters devoted to Lozen, Victorio’s sister who was a scout, shaman, and warrior. Very strongly recommended for someone who wants a balanced view of Apache culture.

 

A People Called Apache, Thoma Mails, 0-7924-5838-9

This is a incredible coffee table sized book by the same author that brought you Mystic Warriors of the Plains, Hotevilla, and the Hopi Survival Kit. It is very much in the same format as Mystic Warriors - copious illustrations done by the author, and pretty interesting chapters. The book is somewhat slanted to the Western Apache, but has some good information on the Mescalero and Jicarilla as well. It was published in the seventies, but was recently updated and reprinted. One book you just have to have.

 

The Mescelaro Apaches, CL Sonnichsen, 0-8061-1615-3

This is the definitive work on the Mescalero by noted historian Sonnichsen, this covers the history of this eastern band, from initial spanish contact to the present. Good writing and good research make for good reading. It is interesting to see what is happening to the Mescalero in parallel with what was happening to the Chiricahua.

 

Western Apache Language and Culture, Keith Basso, 0-8165-1323-60

This is really a technical book for someone interested in learning the rudiments of Apache language. It is written by the best researcher on the Western Apache (White Mountain, Coyotero, Cibecue, Northern and Southern Tontos and a half dozen or so other smaller bands) Though similar to the Chiricahua and Mescalero, their culture is unique enough to warrent a separate look. The book also deals with some interesting cultural issues - ie, if you are being cussed out by a Western Apache, silence is the best response, as an attempt to mollify will be seen as minimizing the anger and may result in violence.

 

Western Apache Material Culture , Ferg, 0-8165-1028-8

This is an excellent look at a couple of collections of Western Apache material. It deals with clothing, weapons, baskets, etc. It is an excellent reference for collectors, but has some pretty good pictures of things like Apache mocassins, tobacco pouches, etc.

 

Once They Moved Like the Wind, David Roberts, 0-671-88556-1

This is an excellent new book by an Outside Magazine editor, and it really does a great job of telling the history of the Anglo/Apache interaction in a very readable and exciting way. One of the best new books on the Apache, it contains some of the latest thinking on Geronimo (He wasn’t nearly the leader of Victorio or Coshise) and others (Chatto was really a position seeker and sided with the Army to track Geronimo because he wanted to be liked by those in charge) A really enjoyable book.

 

Wild Justice, The People of Geronimo vs The United States, Lieder and Page,

0-679-45183-8

This is a brand new book and deals with the Chiricahua case against the US government for their treatment follwoing Geronimo’s surrender (they were promised a two year exile in Florida that became a 27 year exile) In 1947, the Indian Claims Commission began hearing testimony on wrongs done to various tribes. This book documents the trail of broken promises that led to the awarding of a very large settlement to the remnants of this once great band. Will apeal to the justice-seeker in all of us.

 

 

 

Books I haven’t gotten to yet:

 

Apaches and Longhorns, Will Barnes, 1982 Tuscon (out of print)

On the Bloody Trail of Geronimo, John Bigelow, 1982 Tuscon ISBN 0-870-26016-1

On the Border with Crook, John Bourke, Nebraska, 1971, ISBN 0-803-25741-4

Apache Agent: The Story of John Clum, Woodworth Clum, Nebraska 1978 (out of print)

Apache Days and After, Thomas Cruze, Nebraska, 1987(out of print)

The Social Organization of the Western Apache, Greenville Goodwin, 1969 (out of print)

Crook’s Resume of Operations Against Apache Indians, Barry Johnson, 1971(out of print)

Dateline Fourt Bowie, Fletcher, edited by Thrapp, Oklahoma, 1979 (out of print)

ISBN 0-806-11494-0

Apache Land, Ross Santee, Nebraska, 1971 (out of print)

General George Crook: His Autobiography, Martin Schmidt, 1946, 0-806-11982-9

The Cibecue Apache, Keith Basso, 1986 Illinois ISBN 0-881-33214-3

The Chiricahua Apache: 1846 -1876, Cole, 1988 (out of print) ISBN 0-826-31084-2

The Geronimo Campaign, Odie Faulk, NY 1969 ISBN 0-195-08351-2

Nana’s Raid: Apache Warfare in Southern New Mexico , 1881, Stephen Lekson, 1987 I SBN 0-874-404160-0

The Apache Frontier, Max Moorhead, Oklahoma, 1968 (out of print)

Apache Chronicle, John Terrel, NY 1972 (out of print) ISBN 0-690-00331-5

Apache Lightning: The Last Great Battles of the Ojo Calientes, Joseph Stout, NY 1974 ISBN 0-195-01842-7 (out of print)

General Crook and the Sierra Madre Adventure, Dan Thrapp, Oklahoma 1972

ISBN 0-806-10993-9

Juh: An Incredible Indian, Dan Thrapp, El Paso, 19720 ISBN 0-874-04193-7

Death in the Desert, Paul Wellman, Nebraska, 1987 ISBN 0-803-29722-x

TheWarrior Apaches, Gordon Baldwin, Tuscon, 1965 (out of print)

The Apace Rock Crumbles, Skinner, Pensecola, 1987 ISBN 0-961-87580-1

I Fought With Geronimo, Betinez, ISBN 0-803-26086-5

Apache Mothers and Daughters, Boyer & Gayton, Oklahoma, 1992 ISBN 0-806-12922-0

Apaches: A History and Culture Portait, Haley, NY 1981 ISBN 0-806-12978-6

The Apaches: A Critical Bibliography, Melody, 1977 0-253-30764-3

Apachean Culture, History, and Ethnology, Basso/Opler, 1971, (out of print)

ISBN 0-816-50295-1

General Crook and The Apace Wars, Fiske, Flagstaff, 1966 (out of print)

The Apaches of New Mexico, 1540-1940, F Stanley, 1962, Texas (out of print)

Tipi Rings: A Chronicle of Jicarilla Apache Land, Nordhaus 1-885-93100-x

Portraits of the Whiteman, Basso ISBN 0-521-29593-9

Wisdom Sits in Places; Landscape and Language Among the Western Apache, Basso, ISBN 0-826-31724-3

The Chiricahua Prisoners of War: Fort Sill, Turcheneske, ISBN 0-870-81465-6

Adventures in Apache Country, Browne, ISBN 0-405-04961-7

Cochise, Apache Warrior and Statesman, Wyatt, ISBN 0-070-21572-

The Apache Indians: Raiders of the Southwest, Baldwin, ISBN 0-590-07321-4

Antelope Woman: An Apache Folktale, Lacapa ISBN 0-873-58543-7

The Apaches, People of the Southwest, Fleischner, ISBN 1-562-94464-9

Autobiography of a Kiowa Apache Indian, Brandt, Whitewolf, ISBN 0-486-26862-4

The Flute Player: An Apache Legend, Lacapa ISBN 0-873-58500-3

The Gift of Changing Woman, Seymour, ISBN 0-805-02577-4

Life of Tom Horn, Government Scout and Interpreter, ISBN 0-806-11044-9

Nine Years Among the Indians, 1870-1879, Lehman, ISBN 0-826-31417-1

Tom Horn: Last of the Bad Men, Monaghan, ISBN 0-803-28234-6

Basketry of the San Carlos Apache, ISBN 0-873-80096-6

The Battle at K-H Butte: Apache Outbreak 1881, ISBN 0-870-26085-5

Chasing Shadows: Indians Along the US-Mexico Border ISBN 0-826-31853-3

Reaping The Whirlwid, Aleshire, ISBN 0-816-03602-0

When the Warth Was Like New: Western Apache, Songs and Stories, Book and Cassette, Wilson, Wilson, Burton, ISBN 0-937-20356-4

Apache Oddessey, Morris Opler, ISBN 0-030-78905-2

Apaches at War and Peace, Griffen, ISBN 0-826-31109-1

Chasing Geronimo: Journal of Leornard Wood, Wood, ISBN 0-826-30170-3

Enju: The Life and Struggles of an Apache Chief, Browning, ISBN 0-873-58312-4

The Plains Apache, John Upton Terrell, ISBN 0-690-00696-0

Myths and Legends of the Lipan Apache, Opler, 0-527-01088-x

Lipan Apache in Texas, ISBN 0-874-04165-1